P3. Geodiversity and Biodiversity


Congressi SGI-SIMP

  • Camilla Palmiotto - CNR - ISMAR di Bologna
  • Francesca Ape - CNR - ISMAR di Bologna
  • Stefano Furlani - Università di Trieste
  • Alessandro Chiarucci – Università di Bologna
  • Valeria De Meo - AIGAE
Diversity on Earth includes living and non-living elements. The variety of living elements has been defined for the first time as "Biodiversity" by Walter G. Rosen during the National Forum in 1985 (Washington, USA). In 1992, the Convention on Biological Diversity defined the Biodiversity as the variability among living organisms from all sources, including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are part. 
Biodiversity on Earth is strongly interlinked to the environment where vegetable and animal species live. The diversity of non-living elements of Earth is known as "Geodiversity" (Gray, 2004), or the variety of rocks, fossils, minerals, natural processes, landforms and soils that underlie and determine the character of our landscape and environment.
Although these two concepts fall into different disciplines, their interdisciplinary cooperation has great potential in advancing our knowledge of bio-geo-diversity of nature and integrating also geodiversity in conservation assessments across all scales.
Geodiversity, Biodiversity, Geoheritage, Conservation 
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